What is cancer of the vulva?
Vulval cancer affects approximately 1,100 women in the UK every year. It is most likely to occur in women over the age of 60, however the number of younger women being affected is increasing.
There are some risk factors that are known which may increase a woman’s susceptibility to vulval cancer, these include:
• Vulval skin conditions
• Human papilloma virus (HPV)
• Vulval intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN)
• Paget’s disease of the vulva
What are the symptoms of vulval cancer?
• Itching, burning or soreness of the vulva that doesn’t go away
• A lump, swelling or wart-like growth on the vulva
• Thickened, raised, red, white or dark patches on the skin of the vulva
• Bleeding, or a blood-stained vaginal discharge, not related to menstruation (periods)
• Burning pain when passing urine
• Tenderness or pain in the area of the vulva
• A sore or ulcerated area on the vulva
• A mole on the vulva that changes shape or colour
What is the treatment for vulval cancer?
Surgery is the main treatment for cancer of the vulva. Many women are cured of their vulval cancer with surgery. It may be used alone or in combination with radiotherapy and chemotherapy.